Bernard Patten

Regents' Professor Emeritus


A.B. , Cornell University

M.A. , University of Michigan

M.S., Ph.D.,  Rutgers University

Research Interests
  • Systems ecology
  • Comparative ecosystems

Research Projects

Ecological network theory: applications to ecosystem structure and function, indirect effects, trophic dynamics and utility.

Selected Publications

Patten, B. C. 2016. Systems ecology and environmentalism: getting the science right.  Part II.  The Janus-1 Enigma Hypothesis.  Ecological Modelling 335: 101-138.

Patten, B. C. 2015.  The cardinal hypotheses of Holoecology.  Facets for a General Systems Theory of the organism-environment relationship.  Ecological Modelling 319: 63-111.

Patten, B. C. 2015.  Systems ecology and environmentalism: getting the science right.  Part I. Facets for a more holistic Nature Book of ecology.  Ecological Modelling 293: 4-21.

Fath, B. D. and B. C. Patten. 1999. Network synergism: emergence of positive relations in ecological models. Ecol. Mod. 107: 127-143.

Whipple, S. J., and Patten, B. C. 1993.  The problem of nontrophic processes in trophic ecology: toward a network unfolding solution.  Journal of Theoretical Biology 163: 393-411.

Higashi, M., Burns, T. P. and Patten, B. C., 1993.  Network trophic dynamics: the tempo of energy movement and availability in ecosystems.  Ecological Modelling 66: 43-64.

Higashi, M., Patten, B. C., and Burns, T. P. 1993.  Network trophic dynamics: the modes of energy utilization in ecosystems.  Ecological Modelling 66: 1-42.

Patten, B. C. 1991.  Network ecology: indirect determination of the life-environment relationship in ecosystems. In Higashi, M. and Burns, T. P. (Eds.), Theoretical Ecosystem Ecology: The Network Perspective. London, Cambridge University Press. pp. 288-351.

Patten, B. C., Higashi, M. and Burns, T. P. 1990.  Trophic dynamics in ecosystem networks: significance of cycles and storage. Ecological Modelling 51: 1-28.

Higashi, M., and Patten, B. C. 1989.  Dominance of indirect causality in ecosystems. The American Naturalist 133: 288-302.

Patten, B. C. 1985.  Energy cycling in the ecosystem.  Ecological Modelling 28: 1-71.

Patten, B. C. and Higashi, M. 1984.  Modified cycling index for ecological applications. Ecological Modelling 25: 69-83.

Patten, B. C. 1982.  On the quantitative dominance of indirect effects in ecosystems. In Lauenroth, W. K., Skogerboe, G. V. and Flug, M. (Eds.), Analysis of Ecological Systems: State-of-the-Art in Ecological Modelling. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 27-37.

Patten, B. C. 1982.  Environs: relativistic elementary particles for ecology.  The American Naturalist 119: 179-219.

Matis, J. H., and Patten, B. C. 1981.  Environ analysis of linear compartmental systems: the  static, time invariant case. Proc. 42nd Session, International Statistical Institute, December 4-14, 1979, Manila, Philippines. Bulletin International Statistical Institute 48: 527-565.

Patten, B. C. 1978.  Systems approach to the concept of environment.  Ohio Journal of Science 78: 206-222.

Patten, B. C., Bosserman, R. W., Finn, J. T., and Cale, W. G. 1976. Propagation of cause in ecosystems.  In Patten, B. C. (Ed.), Systems Analysis and Simulation in Ecology, Vol. IV.  Academic Press, New York.  593 pp. (pp. 457-579).