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Core and Elective Courses


ECOL 6080. Principles of Conservation and Sustainable Development I (4 cr.): This course emphasizes ecological principles important to conservation and development and the ecological consequences of development activities. (Carroll and Pringle)

ECOL 8710. Environmental Law Practicum (4 cr.): Students from ecology, law, environmental design and other disciplines work together to address pressing environmental concerns identified by community stakeholders. Skills developed include: identification of environmental problems within a watershed, research and analysis, legislative drafting, and presentations. This practicum provides hands-on experience and solution-oriented, interdisciplinary group projects. (Fowler and other faculty).

ECOL 8400. Perspectives on Conservation Ecology and Sustainable Development (1 cr.): All students in the program participate in this seminar during the fall of their first year. Presentations include faculty and student research and seminars on conservation issues. (Pringle)

ECOL 8990. Problems in Ecology (2 cr.): This course should be used as a independent study with your major professor to define your thesis research problem and plan the research design.

Year 1
(Normal course load is 9-11 hours per semester. Maximum is 12 hours unless special permission is obtained.)

ECOL 6080: Principles of C/SD I (4 credits)
ECOL 8400. Perspectives on C/SD (1 credit)
Elective (6-7 credits)

ECOL 8710. Environmental Law Practicum (4 credits)
ECOL 8990. Independent Study (2 credits)
Electives (3-5 credits)

Summer Research or field courses (9-11 credits)

Year 2
Fall Electives and/or research (9-11 credits)

Spring Thesis (research) (9-11 credits)

Summer Thesis (research) (9-11 credits)


I.  Sustainable Development
This master's degree program offers students an opportunity to combine interdisciplinary course work in conservation ecology and sustainable development with field experience and thesis research. The program is intended to provide the training necessary to handle the unique, multidisciplinary problems in the area of conservation and sustainable development and to function independently as a researcher and decision-maker to address problems of conservation and sustainable development

A.  Recommended:

  1. LAND 6030 Nature and Sustainability
  2. WILD(ECOL) 8330 Landscape Ecology
  3. WILD(FISH)(ECOL) 8680 Animal Biodiversity and Conservation
  4. LAND 6350 Ecosystem Restoration
  5. FANR(AAEC) 7860 Natural and Environmental Economics I (3 credits)

B.  Other Suggested Courses:

  1. WASR(CRSS)(ECOL)(ENGR)(GEOG)(GEOL) 4700L/6700L Hydrology, Geology, and Soils of Georgia (3 credits)
  2. WILD 7700-7700L Applied Population Dynamics (3 credits)
  3. FANR 8200 Scientific Research (3 credits)
  4. EDES 4640/6640 History of Urban Planning (3 credits)
  5. EDES 4650/6650 City Planning (3 credits)
  6. EDES 4660/6660 Environment and Behavior (3 credits)
  7. EDES 7550 Values in Environmental Design (2 credits)
  8. ANTH 4075/6075 Economic Anthropology (3 credits)
  9. ANTH 4560/6560 Anthropology and Development (3 credits)
  10. RLST(NRRT)(ANTH)5400/7400-5400L/7400L Parks and Ecotourism Management (3 credits)
  11. ANTH 8515 Institutional Dimensions of Sustainability (3 credits)
  12. ANTH(ICON) 8560 Conservation and Development Practice (3 credits)
  13. NRRT 7410 Protected Areas Management (3 credits)
  14. NRRT 5900/7900 Ecotourism and Sustainable Development (3 credits)
  15. FORS 5010/7010 Urban Tree Management (3 credits)
  16. FANR 4273S/6273S Field Studies in Sustainable Development (1-9 credits)
  17. FANR 7750 The Science of Sustainability (2 credits)
  18. ENGR/LAND 4660/6660 Sustainable Building Design (3 credits)
  19. ENGR 5930/7930 GPS with Engineering and GIS Application (3 credits)
  20. ENGR 6130 Bioengineering Systems (3 credits)
  21. JURI 4790/6790 Land Use Planning (2-3 credits)
  22. POLS 8160 Urban Politics (3 credits)
  23. EHSC 4610/6610 Water Pollution and Human Health (3 credits)
  24. EHSC 8510-8510L Environmental Risk Assessment and Communication (3 credits)
  25. GEOG 4630/6630 Advanced Urban Geography (3 credits)
  26. GEOG 4660/6660 Urban and Regional Development (3 credits)
  27. GEOG 8810 Seminar in Human-Environment Relationships (3 credits)
  28. ECOL 8420 Watershed Conservation (3 credits)
  29. GRSC 8200 Communicating Research and Scholarship (1 credit)
  30. PBIO 8930 Science Writing for General Audiences

II.  Conservation Ecology
The purpose of the Conservation Ecology track is to prepare graduates for careers in natural resource conservation and management with government agencies, nonprofit conservation organizations and consulting firms. Students in this track should receive a solid scientific foundation including a good understanding of the theory of ecology and conservation biology as well as practical training in field methods and quantitative analysis of ecological data.

A.  Recommended:

  1. FISH(WILD) 6520 Conservation Decision-Making (3 credits) or other course in structured decision making
  2. FANR 6750 Experimental methods for research (4 credits) or ECOL 8990 Likelihood-based inference in ecology (3 credits) or equivalent course in statistics
  3. At least one relevant natural history course (herpetology, ichthyology, aquatic entomology, etc)
  4. At least one relevant subdisciplinary ecology course (ecosystem ecology, population ecology, landscape ecology)
  5. FANR 7620 GIS Applications for Natural Resources (3 credits)or FANR 8400-8400L Advanced Spatial Analysis for Natural Resources (3 credits) or other course in Geographic Information Systems

B.  Other Suggested Courses:

  1. WILD(FISH) 8360. Quantitative Conservation Science
  2. GEOG 4810/6810. Conservation Ecology and Resource Management
  3. ECOL 4800/6800-4800L/6800L. Statistical Thinking in Ecology
  4. FISH 8400. Advanced Fish Ecology and Conservation
  5. CRSS 6580E. Soil Erosion and Conservation
  6. LAND 6350. Ecological Landscape Restoration
  7. ECOL 4000/6000. Population and Community Ecology
  8. ECOL 4010/6010. Ecosystem Ecology
  9. ECOL(PBIO)(WILD) 8310. Population Ecology
  10. WILD(ECOL) 8330. Landscape Ecology
  11. WILD(FISH)(ECOL) 8680. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation
  12. WILD(ECOL) 4040/6040-4040L/6040L. Herpetology
  13. ECOL 4050/6050-4050L/6050L. Ichthyology
  14. WILD(ECOL) 4060/6060-4060L/6060L. Ornithology
  15. ECOL 4070/6070-4070L/6070L. Invertebrate Zoology
  16. ENTO 8940-8940L.  Aquatic Entomology
  17. PBIO 8140/8140L. Algal Ecology
  18. PBIO 8360 .Fungal Ecology
  19. ANTH(GEOG) 4275/6275. Conservation and Development in Costa Rica
  20. ECOL 4570/6570 Comparative Biodiversity and Land Conservation Policy: Costa Rica and the United States
  21. WILD(ECOL) 4575/6575-4575L/6575L. Conservation Medicine
  22. PBIO(ECOL) 4750/6750. Tropical Ecology and Conservation
  23. CRSS(HORT)(ANTH)(ECOL)(GEOG) 4930/6930. Agroecology of Tropical America
  24. WILD(FISH) 8390-8390L Estimation of Fish and Wildlife Population Parameters
  25. GENE 6000 Evolutionary Mechanisms

III.  Environmental Policy
The purpose of the Environmental Policy track is to prepare graduates for careers in environmental policy or for interactions with policymakers.  These graduates might serve as policy staff for government agencies, nongovernmental organizations or corporations; some might go on to law school.

A.  Recommended:

  1. ECOL 8730 Environmental Policy (3 credits)
  2. FANR 6910 Natural Resource Law (3 credits)
  3. ENVM 6800 Water Resources Economics (3 credits)
  4. JURI 5667 Sustainability and Business  (2 credits)

B.  Other Suggested Courses:

  1. FANR 4800/6800 Renewable Resources Policy (3 credits)
  2. ENVM(AAEC) 4930E/6930E Environmental Law and Government Regulation (3 credits)
  3. JURI 4828/6828 Water Law (2-3 credits) (offered sporadically)
  4. JURI 5750/7750 International Environmental Law
  5. EHSC(AAEC) 8120 Roles and Responsibilities of Environmental Policy Makers (2 credits)
  6. AAEC 8700 Advanced Environmental Economics and Policy Analysis (3 hours)
  7. JURI 4790/6790 Land Use Planning (3 credits)
  8. EHSC 4610/6610 Water Pollution and Human Health (3 credits)
  9. LAND 6350 Ecosystem Restoration (3 credits)

Additional Relevant Courses:

Social Science/Anthropology

  1. ANTH 6490 Foundations of Ecological Anthropology (3 credits)
  2. ANTH 8500 Seminar in Ecological Anthropology (3 credits)

Electives appropriate for the program include:

Course descriptions

Agricultural and Applied Economics
AAEC 6600. Economics of Rural Environmental Quality
AAEC 6800/6800L. Water Resource Economics
AAEC 6930. Environmental Law & Governmental Regulation
AAEC 7600. Environmental Economics & Policy Analysis
AAEC (FORS) 7860. Resource Economics & Management
AAEC 8750. Natural Resource & Environmental Economics

ANTH 6000. Anthropology of Economic Systems
ANTH (PBIO) 6300/6300L. Ethnobotany
ANTH 6490. Foundations of Ecological Anthropology
ANTH 6540/6540L. Environment and Health
ANTH 6560. Anthropology of Development
ANTH 6580/6580L. Ecology of Food, Diet, & Nutrition
ANTH 6590. Ecology & Evolution of Human Disease
ANTH 6610. Introduction to Research Methods
ANTH 6620. Methods of Sociocultural Anthropology
ANTH 8060. Primate and Human Ecology
ANTH 8400. Human Population Ecology
ANTH 8410. Comparative Human Ecological Systems
ANTH 8420. Human Ecosystems Evolution
ANTH 8500. Seminar in Ecological Anthropology
ANTH 8610. Field Methods in Ecological Anthropology
ANTH 8620. Anthropological Data Analysis

BIOL 8000. Tropical Biology: An Ecological Approach

PBIO 6650/6650L. Plant Taxonomy
PBIO 6850/6850L. Vegetation Analysis
PBIO 8140/8140L. Algal Ecology
PBIO 8360 .Fungal Ecology
PBIO (ECOL) 8410. Community Ecology
PBIO 8700. Plant Population Biology Seminar
PBIO 8840. Plant Ecology Seminar
PBIO 8850/8850L. Terrestrial Biogeochemical Cycling
PBIO 8890/8890L. Environmental Physiology

Cellular Biology
CBIO (PBIO) 6600-6600L. Biology of the Protists

Crop & Soil Science
CRSS 6590-6590L. Soil Fertility
CRSS (MIBO) 6610-6610L. Soil Microbiology
CRSS 6660-6600L. Chemical Analysis of Environmental Samples
CRSS 6670. Environmental Soil Chemistry
CRSS 8280-8280L. Crop Responses to Microclimate
CRSS 8340-8340L. Environmental Aspects of Herbicide Use
CRSS 8350. Weed Ecology

ECOL 3700 combined with ECOL 8990. Organic Agriculture
ECOL 6000-6000L. Organismal, Population & Community
ECOL 6010-6010L. Ecosystem Ecology
ECOL 6030-6030L. Mammalogy
ECOL 6040-6040L. Ornithology
ECOL 6050-6050L. Ichthyology
ECOL 6070-6070L. Invertebrate Zoology
ECOL 6110. Insect Diversity
ECOL (FORS) 6310-6310L. Limnology
ECOL (CRSS) 6650-6650L. Soil Biology and Ecology
ECOL 8000. Topics in Modern Ecology
ECOL (ANTH) 8110 Tropical Ecological & Cultural Systems
ECOL (PBIO) 8120-8120L. Plant Reproductive Ecology
ECOL 8150-8150L. Wetland Ecology
ECOL 8170. Natural History of the Hymenoptera
ECOL 8220. Stream Ecology
ECOL 8230. Lake Ecology
ECOL (PBIO) (FORS) 8310. Population Ecology
ECOL 8440. Principles of Agroforestry/ Agroecology
ECOL 8500. Theoretical Ecology
ECOL 8560. Ecology Seminar
ECOL 8580-8580L. Theory of Systems Ecology
ECOL 8600-8600L. Nuclear Tracers in Ecology
ECOL 8700. Environmental Policy & Management
ECOL 8900. Problems in Ecology

Educational Research and Measurement
ERSH 7400. Qualitative Research Methods in Education
ERSH 8410. Qualitative Data Collection in Education
ERSH 8420. Qualitative Data Analysis in Education

ENTO 6010-6010L. Insect Taxonomy
ENTO 6130. Internship in Crop Protection & Pest Management
ENTO 6500-6500L. Insect Ecology
ENTO 6740-6740L. Insect Pest Management
ENTO 6940-6940L. Aquatic Entomology
ENTO 8820. Biological Control

Forest Resources
FORS 6110. Forest Hydrology
FORS 6150. Control & Systems Theory for the Environmental Scientist
FORS 6300-6300L. Management of Wildlife Habitat
FORS 6340. Endangered Species Management
FORS 6800-6800D. Forest Resources Policy
FORS 7310-7310L. Techniques in Wildlife Population Management
FORS 7360-7360L. Fisheries Management
FORS (RLST) 7400-7400L. Park Management
FORS 7410. Wilderness Management
FORS 7710. Advanced Forest Economics
FORS 7820. Natural Resource Law for Managers and Administrators
FORS 7850. Forest Policy Issues
FORS (AAEC) 7860. Resource Economics and Management
FORS 8300. Fisheries and Wildlife Seminar

GENE 8134. Evolutionary Genetics
GENE 8504. Research Methods in Population Biology

GEOG 6020. Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 6160. Applied Climatology
GEOG (PBIO) 6220. Ecological Biogeography
GEOG (PBIO) 6240. Plant Geography
GEOG 6670. Geography of Development
GEOG 6810. Conservation Ecology and Resource Management
GEOG 6330-6330L. The Use and Interpretation of Aerial Photographs
GEOG 6350-6350L. Remote Sensing of the Environment
GEOG 6370-6370L. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
GEOG 6470-6470L. Geographic Analysis & Geographic Information Systems
GEOG 8350. Remote Sensing with GIS Applications

Landscape Architecture
LAND 6400. Plant Communities of the Southeast
LAND 6030. Nature & Sustainability

JURI 6640. International Law I
JURI 6650. International Law II
JURI 6670. Seminar on International Protection of Human Rights
JURI 6690. Law of the Sea and Protection of the Environment
JURI 6910. Natural Resources
JURI 7280. Law and Environment
JURI 7290. Environmental Litigation Seminar
JURI 7520. International Law and Economic Development

Marine Sciences
MARS (FORS) 6380-6380L. Marine Fisheries Biology
MARS 6810. Microbial Biogeochemistry
MARS 8160-8160L. Marine Ecology

Medical Microbiology
MMIB 6800. Environmental Epidemiology

Political Science
POLS 6210. International Organization
POLS 6220. International Law
POLS 7900. Managing Volunteers in the Public and Nonprofit Sector

STAT 6210. Statistical Methods I
STAT 6220. Statistical Methods II
STAT 6290. Non-Parametric Methods
STAT 6380. Survival Analysis
STAT 8040. Environmental Statistics
STAT 8270. Spatial Statistics


Cathy Pringle, Chair
Conservation Ecology and Sustainable Development
Odum School of Ecology
University of Georgia
Athens, GA 30602-2202
(706) 542-2968